Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning.
The Divine Right of Kings For original, click here.
He caused Saul and David to be anointed by Samuel; He vested royalty in the House of David, and ordered him to cause Solomon, his son, to reign in his place. Princes thus act as ministers of God and His lieutenants on earth.
It is through them that He rules This is why we have seen that the royal throne is not the throne of a man, but the throne of God himself.
It appears from this that the person of kings is sacred, and to move against them is sacrilege.
God causes them to be anointed by the prophets with a sacred unction, as He caused the pontiffs and His altars to be anointed. But even without the external application of this unction, they are sacred in their office, as being the representatives of the divine majesty, sent by His providence for the execution of His designs There is something religious in the respect which one renders the prince.
Service of God and respect for kings are things united. Peter groups these two duties together: It is the spirit of Christianity to cause kings to be revered with a type of religion, which Tertullian aptly calls "the religion of the second majesty. Since their power comes from on high, kings should not believe that they are its masters and may use it as they wish; they should exercise it with fear and restraint as a thing which has come to them from God, and for which God will demand an account Kings should tremble when using the power that God gives them, and remember how horrible is the sacrilege of using for evil a power that comes from God.
We have seen kings seated on the throne of the Lord, having in hand the sword which God himself placed in their hands. What profanation and audacity of unjust kings to sit in the throne of God in order to publish decrees against His laws and to use the sword which He has placed in their hands to do violence and to massacre His children.
Therefore let them respect their power, since it is not theirs but the power of God, and must be used holily and religiously. That is, they should govern as God governs, in a manner at once noble, disinterested, benevolent, in a word, divine God, who created all men from the same earth and equally placed His image and likeness in their souls, did not establish distinctions among them so that some might be proud and others slaves and wretches.
He made some great only for the protection of the small; He gave His power to kings only to ensure the public welfare and to be the support of the people Thus princes should understand that their true glory is not for themselves, and that the public good which they procure is a sufficiently worthy recompense on earth, while awaiting the eternal rewards which God has reserved for them Princes are gods and participate somehow in divine independenceJacques-Bénigne Bossuet: Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, bishop who was the most eloquent and influential spokesman for the rights of the French church against papal authority.
He is now chiefly remembered for his literary works, including funeral panegyrics for great personages.
BOSSUET Jacques Bossuet () was a French bishop during time of Louis XIV. He was a tremendously popular preacher and one of most prolific theological writers of his time. Louis XIV chose him to be tutor of the dauphin, the heir to the French throne, . Jacques Benigne Bossuet, Political Treatise J.H.
Robinson, ed. Readings in European History 2 vols. (Boston: Ginn, ), Hanover Historical Texts Project. Jacques–Benigne Bossuet (—), bishop of Meaux, was a well–known seventeenth–century peacher who believed that although France had a sizable minority of Protestants, France should have a single religion, Catholicism.
It is absolute by reason of constraint, there being no power capable of coercing the sovereign who in this sense is independent of all human authority.
But it does not follow from this that the government is . Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet () was a theologian at the court of the French "Sun King" Louis XIV; Bossuet was one of history's most fervent defenders of absolute monarchy. For him, only God stands above the person of the king, and the king's authority cannot be challenged by any other human being.