Harry Owen Giving Ourselves Away: Conversations with Don Maclennan Let me state at once that I am very much the latecomer, new kid on the block of South African poetry having lived here permanently for only three years. When I first met Don, at his and Shirley's home, in JulyI knew little about the poetry of this country and almost nothing of Don Maclennan. And yet at that point began one of the great friendships of my life.
His best-known works are the novels Les trois mousquetaires ; The Three Musketeers ; or, The Feats and Fortunes of a Gascon Adventurer and Le comte de Monte-Cristo ; The Count of Monte Cristoadventure stories that abound with swordfights, lavish costumes, beautiful women, and narrow escapes.
But these represent a minute portion of writings produced by this enormously prolific author, whose published novels, plays, stories, essays, and other works number in the hundreds. Due to his prolific output and the high entertainment value of his fiction—not to mention questions concerning his collaboration with other writers—critics have often judged Dumas harshly.
Biographical Information Dumas's father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, was the son of a marquis and a Haitian slave, and he took his family name from his African mother. He attended the local parochial school, and when he was older worked as a clerk but moved to Paris at the age of twenty, lured by the theater.
Influenced by the dramatic works of Shakespeare, the poetry of Lord Byron, and the historical romances of Sir Walter Scott, Dumas collaborated with two others in writing a one-act play, La chasse et l'amour The young playwright used the pseudonym Davy, taken from the name of his paternal grandfather; but soon he was writing under his own name and began producing a series of important dramas that included Henri III and His Court, Antony, and Christine; ou Stockholm, Fountainebleau, et Rome During the Revolution ofDumas became interested in republican politics, and with the return of monarchy under King Louise Philippe, he decided to leave France in There followed several years of travel in Switzerland, Russia, Italy, and other parts of Europe, adventures Dumas began recording in Impressions de voyage ; The Glacier Land and numerous other books of travel essays.
In the s, having returned to France, he embarked on the most fruitful decade of his life, years which saw the serial publication of The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo, and dozens of other novels. He was so prolific, in fact, that critics began to raise questions concerning his use of collaborators such as Auguste Maquet.
The slander case against Mirecourt, which Dumas won, was not the only harbinger of bad tidings as the s came to a close. By he was bankrupt, and was forced to sell his home. Dumas fled to Brussels to avoid his creditors, and continued to write at a feverish pace, this time without the help of Maquet or other collaborators.
By his finances were back in order, and he returned to Paris, where his memoirs had been published to great success. He also founded and began writing for several journals with titles based on his most acclaimed novels, including Le mousquetaire and Le Monte-Cristo.
As passionate in his personal life as he was in his work, Dumas had enjoyed a number of lovers and fathered several illegitimate children, including the future writer Alexandre Dumas fils in He was married briefly in the s to actress Ida Ferrier and engaged in a celebrated affair with the American actress Adah Isaacs Menken in the late s.
His voluminous literary output continued, though slackened somewhat from its zenith in the s, and he continued to travel widely. But his fortunes steadily declined, and when he died in his son's home at the age of sixty-eight, little remained of the riches Dumas had accumulated in his highly successful career.
In so doing, he produced his two best-known works, The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo, as well as dozens—even scores—of other novels.
English-speaking readers may be disappointed to scan his list of published writings in vain for The Man in the Iron Mask: In writing these "historical romances," as they were called, Dumas pioneered the genre of historical fiction, bringing together actual events and people with characters and incidents of his own creation.
The Three Musketeers, for instance, is drawn from the quasi-historical memoirs of a figure called M. Likewise The Count of Monte Cristo, a tale of unjust imprisonment and revenge, has its roots in an account from the Napoleonic era. Less well-known at the time, but more significant to modern critics because it offers insights into Dumas's views on his African heritage is Georges ; George; or the Planter of the Isle of France.
Like Monte Cristo, it is a tale of revenge, with the important difference that it is Dumas's only story—and one of the few works of Western literature prior to the twentieth century—in which the hero is a mulatto. Another work little-known in his time, but more noted in the twentieth century, is his examination of a courtesan's career in "respectable" society, Fernande ; Fernande; or, The Fallen Angel.
But such topical novels are the exception rather than the rule in an oeuvre that includes far more works depicting the French past of Medieval times and the Renaissance.
In his later years, Dumas produced an obscure novel destined to attract more attention after his lifetime: La terreur prussiene ; The Prussian Terror sounded an alarmist warning regarding a militaristic Germany, which by the time of his death had invaded France.
The Poetry Lesson by Don Maclennan The Poetry Lesson by Don Maclennan In the poem The Poetry Lesson by Don Maclennan an ironic mood emerges. The poem is about an English poetry lecturer. He expresses his views and feelings on his lessons, how he might have impacted on the lives, altered the views and the challenges he has . Higher english poetry essay Coursework Academic Service. Toggle navigation. albert camus essay the myth of sisyphus pdf; the key chain in my hand essay; best american essays of the 20th century; Higher english poetry essay. the poetry lesson by don maclennan essay;. No - Don Maclennan, music and poetry Poetry in performance, often in conjunction with music, seems hugely popular. Written poetry, on the other hand, struggles.
Interestingly, the work was first translated into English inwhen Britain was engaged in war with Germany on the battlegrounds of Dumas's homeland.
Principal among Dumas's dramatic works is Antony, a tale of seduction, intrigue, and murder that shocked Paris audiences because it was set not in the classical past, but in contemporary France.
Similarly, La tour de Nesle ; The Tower of Nesle presents a scandalous plot involving sex and betrayal, this time set in medieval France. Dorothy Trench-Bonett, who produced the first English translation of the latter years after its writing, referred to it as one of the first pieces of Western literature that offered a protest against the slave trade.
Critical Reception Of all his works, Dumas's historical romances are best known in the English-speaking world, where he has enjoyed at least as great a following as he has among French readers. In France, he is most noted for his dramatic writings, which critics have long recognized as groundbreaking works.
Not only was Antony innovative in its use of a contemporary setting for a classic tale of erotic intrigue, the staging of Henry III and His Court in February of made it the first Romantic play, although Hugo's Cromwell was actually written earlier.
In spite of his contributions to French and world literature, however, in his own day Dumas often found himself the butt of harsh criticism. Certainly Dumas ranked low in comparison to the more critically celebrated though sometimes almost equally prolific writers of his time such as George Sand, Balzac, and even Victor Hugo.
In addition, the sheer volume of his works—not to mention his habit of padding his writing with excessive quotations and dialogue—made him appear more like a human writing machine than an artist.
His astounding output, in fact, left him open to questions regarding the authorship of works produced under the name "Alexandre Dumas. The sheer endurance of his historical romances, which have seen countless film interpretations, seems in itself a sign of Dumas's singular power as a creative talent, and his reputation has steadily increased over time.
Though his work has enjoyed scant critical attention in proportion to its sheer bulk, he remains a figure of interest. In the late twentieth century, critics have continued to investigate his lesser-known writings for their contemporary relevance."The poetry lesson" by Don Maclennan, essaysIn the poem "The poetry lesson" by Don Maclennan, the poet is in a state of depression, he is finding it difficult to understand the reasons why he is doing poetry and teaching poetry to his students.
The poem is also trying to make sen. Donald Alasdair Calum Maclennan (9 December – 9 February ) was a South African poet, critic, playwright and English professor. He published a number of plays, short stories, collections of poems and scholarly works.
Born on 9 December , in London, England, Maclennan came to South Africa as a child in Nationality: South Africa. No - Don Maclennan, music and poetry Poetry in performance, often in conjunction with music, seems hugely popular.
Written poetry, on the other hand, struggles. Donald Alasdair Calum Maclennan (9 December – 9 February ) was a South African poet, critic, playwright and English professor. He published a number of plays, short stories, collections of poems and scholarly works.
Born on 9 December , in London, England, Maclennan came to South Africa as a child in Donald Alasdair Calum Maclennan (December 9, – February 9, ) was a South African poet, critic, playwright and English professor..
He published a number of plays, short stories, collections of poems and scholarly works.
Born on December 9, , in London, England, Maclennan came to South Africa as a child in In the poem “The Poetry Lesson” by Don Maclennan an ironic mood emerges. The poem is about an English poetry lecturer.
He expresses his views and feelings on his lessons, how he might have impacted on the lives, altered the views and the challenges he has given his students.