The Urdu Word of calligraphy is khattati. The art of calligraphy was considered so important by Muslims in all ages, that the name of the calligrapher is inscribed on a brass tablet on the Taj Mahal at Agra while no mention is made of the architect of this beautiful building! Babar and Bahadur Shah Zafar were themselves calligraphers. All the great Moghuls were patrons of this artistic style of writing.
Bowl with Kufic Calligraphy10th century. Brooklyn Museum Kufic is the oldest form of the Arabic script. The style emphasizes rigid and angular strokes, which appears as a modified form of the old Nabataean script. Afterward, dots and accents were added to help readers with pronunciation, and the set of Arabic letters rose to It was the main script used to copy Qur'ans from the 8th to 10th century and went out of general use in the 12th century when the flowing naskh style become more practical, although it continued to be used as a decorative element to contrast superseding styles.
Due to the lack of methods, the scripts in different regions and countries and even down to the individuals themselves have different ways to write in the script creatively, ranging from very square and rigid forms to flowery and decorative.
Decorative Kufic inscriptions are often imitated into pseudo-kufics in Middle age and Renaissance Europe. Pseudo-kufics is especially common in Renaissance depictions of people from the Holy Land.
The exact reason for the incorporation of pseudo-Kufic is unclear. It seems that Westerners mistakenly associated 13—14th-century Middle-Eastern scripts as being identical with the scripts current during Jesus 's time, and thus found natural to represent early Christians in association with them.
The use of cursive scripts coexisted with Kufic, but because in the early stages of their development they lacked discipline and elegance, cursive was usually used for informal purposes. The script is the most ubiquitous among other styles, used in Qur'ans, official decrees, and private correspondence.
Ibn Muqla is highly regarded in Muslim sources on calligraphy as the inventor of the naskh style, although this seems to be erroneous. However, Ibn Muqla did establish systematic rules and proportions for shaping the letters, which use 'alif as the x-height. Thuluth is developed as a display script to decorate particular scriptural ice.
Letters have long vertical lines with broad spacing. The name, meaning "third", is in reference to the x-height, which is one-third of the 'alif.
The shape is simple with short strokes and little flourishes. It was considered one of the most beautiful scripts, as well as one of the most difficult to execute. Muhaqqaq was commonly used during the Mameluke era, but the use becomes largely restricted to short phrases, such as the basmallahfrom the 18th century onward.
With the spread of Islamthe Arabic script was established in a vast geographic area with many regions developing their own unique style. From the 14th century onward, other cursive styles began to develop in Turkey, Persia, and China.
Letters have short vertical strokes with broad and sweeping horizontal strokes. The shapes are deep, hook-like, and have high contrast. Diwani is a cursive style of Arabic calligraphy developed during the reign of the early Ottoman Turks in the 16th and early 17th centuries.
Larger variations called djali are filled with dense decorations of dots and diacritical marks in the space between, giving it a compact appearance. Diwani is difficult to read and write due to its heavy stylization and became the ideal script for writing court documents as it ensured confidentiality and prevented forgery.
The shape is greatly influenced by Chinese calligraphyusing a horsehair brush instead of the standard reed pen.
Traditionally, the term was charged with Sufi intellectual and esoteric meaning. In this theology, letters were seen as primordial signifiers and manipulators of the cosmos. These artists successfully integrated Islamic visual traditions, especially calligraphy, into contemporary, indigenous compositions.
Few of the artists working in this field, had knowledge of each other, allowing for different manifestations of hurufiyyah to emerge in different regions. Mural by artist, Sadequain Naqqash integrates calligraphy elements into a modern artwork Leading exponents of hurufiyyah art can be found in Jordan.Arabic Wall Art.
Browse our vast selection of unique pieces of Arabic calligraphy art in beautiful wall decal / stickers format designed by some of the world's best Muslim artists. Our Arabic decals, canvas, prints, wood and metal artworks in stunning scripts are the perfect way to remind you and return back to revelation in a way no other kind of art does.
This major difference between Arabic and Latin/Germanic Languages makes it a bit harder to grasp the way in which we write and type. The previous explanation uses information from Wikipedia (Read more here Arabic diacritics - Wikipedia). Arabic writing is an ethereal art set apart by its diversity of styles, the skill and passion required, and the message it was meant to carry.
The powerful influence of calligraphy long inhibited the progress of Arabic type design development. Islamic calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, based upon the alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage.
It includes Arabic Calligraphy, Ottoman, and Persian calligraphy. It is known in Arabic as khatt Islami (خط اسلامي), meaning Islamic line, design, or construction..
The development of Islamic calligraphy is strongly tied to the. This beautiful Allah pendant design in Arabic calligraphy sparkles with Sterling silver and cubic zirconia stones.
Features a large bale for multiple chain options. Package Dimensions: x x inches/5(3). I. SYNOPSIS (return to list of contents) Some claim that the Qur’an is miraculous because of both its eloquence and its content. As discussed herein, the alleged eloquence of the Qur’an is questionable, and is not a miracle for several important reasons.