He establishes the concept that pity is an emotion that must be elicited when, through his actions, the character receives undeserved misfortune, while the emotion of fear must be felt by the audience when they contemplate that such misfortune could possibly befall themselves in similar situations. Aristotle explains such change of fortune "should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. An example of a mistake made by a tragic hero can be found in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex. In the story, the character of Oedipus is given a prophecy that he will murder his own father and marry his own mother.
Types of tragic character The Tragic Hero The Tragic Hero is the main protagonist in the story but they will not achieve their ends will very likely die in the trying. Having been attached Character and tragic hero the hero beforehand, when they suffer their fate we feel a deeper shock and sympathy for them and, by association, our selves.
Aristotle described the tragic hero as trying to do the right thing in a situation where the right thing cannot be done. The Fatally Flawed Most characters have flaws of some kind as this gives them a 'three dimensional' quality.
The fatally flawed character goes beyond this to having flaws so deep and so formed that they are doomed to failure. In moral tales, having a fatal flaw means that the character is ultimately doomed.
Thus the bad guys in Dickens' stories always get their comeuppance. Heroes can be fatally flawed, turning them into tragic heroes.
They still have heroic qualities, but these are not enough to compensate for the flaws. The Fallen Hero The Fallen Hero is one who succumbs to the temptations placed before them, perhaps converting to the 'dark side' or to vices such as greed.
We may have mixed feelings about the fallen hero, as we have previously admired them, yet now detest what they do. We may also still feel for them as. Perhaps they lack the strength or skill, or perhaps they lack the wisdom to know when to retreat, but the outcome is the same.
The doomed warrior can thus be a variant of the tragic hero. Whilst we admire the Warrior's determination and courage, in the end we are reminded that battle and war lead to death, even of the 'good guys'. The Wilting Flower The Wilting Flower is a weak character, often a young woman, who lacks the fortitude to get what she wants, such as the affections of a man or the approval of her father.
Men also can be wilting flowers, as the defining quality is a timidity and lack of determination. Whilst the character may be sympathetic and we will them on, they also irritate us perhaps in reflection of our own weaknesses. The Doomed Innocent The classic Innocent is a child or naive person who symbolizes lack of understanding.
In their innocence they may stray into the line of fire or otherwise suffer unexpectedly. Bystanders are effectively innocents and may be shot, blown up or otherwise massacred by the needs of the plotline to create realism and sympathy. Their being harmless, we easily like the innocent, although we may despair at their naivety.
When they are harmed, we rail at the unfairness of it all and the reflection how unfair the real world is. The Madman The Madman, like the innocent, does not understand what is really happening and so is likely to be in the wrong place at the wrong time.
They may also just exist in a tragic place, locked inside their own psychic prison.
We feel less sympathy for the mad person as this is tempered by the threat that they pose to us. They also remind us of our own secret insanities.
The Lost Soul The Lost Soul has perhaps already suffered some personal tragedy and in their seeking for repair suffer further bad experiences. We feel for the lost soul and want them to find some haven, yet they may frustrate us as their introspective stance prevents them from seeing possible rescue.
The Victim Victims are innocent bystanders who get caught up in the action and suffer as a result.
They are typically the direct target of the antagonist and may be kidnapped, seduced or otherwise harmed. There is much debate about victims as, although they gain our sympathy, they may have a mental condition whereby they deliberately put themselves into the victim's shoes in order to feel hope and the satisfaction of rescue.
In this way, they are tragic characters in the repeated patterns of victimhood. The Foolish The Foolish person is not the same as the fool, at least not the classic Shakespearean fool who is actually wise.
The foolish person is the opposite of wise, making foolish decisions and doing foolish things. As such they may get themselves into all kinds of scrapes and tragic circumstances. As an audience we cast our eyes skywards at the actions of foolish people and are grateful that we are wise at least to some extent.tragic hero noun a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat: Oedipus, the classic tragic hero.
It is important to strike a balance in the hero's character. Eventually the Aristotelian tragic hero dies a tragic death, having fallen from great heights and having made an irreversible mistake.
When a hero confronts downfall, he is recognized as a tragic hero or protagonist. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, characterizes these plays or stories, in which the main character is a tragic hero.
The tragic hero must, despite their best efforts or intentions, come to ruin because of some tragic flaw in their own character. Tragic Hero, Antihero, and Byronic Hero There are two terms that are often confused with tragic hero: antihero and Byronic hero.
Characteristics of a Tragic Hero Pity & Fear: In the course of a successfully tragic work, Aristotle says that the audience should be moved by the actions of the hero to experience the emotions of. Tragic hero definition, a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat: Oedipus, the classic tragic hero.