Born in Mecca inMaulana came to India in as a child.
During the Sepoy Mutinyhe left India and settled in Mecca. His father Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed AlHussaini wrote twelve books, had thousands of disciples, and claimed noble ancestry,  while his mother was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad, the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad bin Zaher AlWatri, himself a reputed scholar from Medina who had a reputation that extended even outside of Arabia.
Azad was home-schooled and self-taught . An avid and determined student, the precocious Azad was running a library, a reading room, and a debating society before he was twelve; wanted to write on the life of Ghazali at twelve; was contributing learned articles to Makhzan a literary magazine at fourteen;  was teaching a class of students, most of whom were twice his age, when he was fifteen; and completed the traditional course of study at the age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his contemporaries, and brought out a magazine at the same age.
But his views changed considerably when he met ethnicist oriented Sunni revolutionary activists in Iraq  and was influenced by their fervent anti-imperialism and nationalism. Azad initially evoked surprise from other revolutionaries, but Azad won their praise and confidence by working secretly to organise revolutionaries activities and meetings in BengalBihar and Bombay now called Mumbai.
Maulana Azad worked for Vakila newspaper from Amritsar. Therefore he [Azad] stayed with him [Khan Ata] for five years and was part of the editorial team of the…Vakil. With the onset of World War Ithe British stiffened censorship and restrictions on political activity.
Azad started a new journal, the Al-Balagh, which increased its active support for nationalist causes and communal unity.
In this period Azad also became active in his support for the Khilafat agitation to protect the position of the Sultan of Ottoman Turkeywho was considered the Caliph or Khalifa for Muslims worldwide. The Sultan had sided against the British in the war and the continuity of his rule came under serious threat, causing distress amongst Muslim conservatives.
Azad saw an opportunity to energise Indian Muslims and achieve major political and social reform through the struggle.
The governments of the Bombay PresidencyUnited ProvincesPunjab and Delhi prohibited his entry into the provinces and Azad was moved to a jail in Ranchiwhere he was incarcerated until 1 January These letters were never sent to him because there was no permission for that during the imprisonment and after the release inhe gave all these letters to his friend Ajmal Khan who let it published for the first time in Although the book is a collection of letters but except one or two letters, all other letters are unique and most of the letters deal with complex issues such as existence of God,  the origin of religions, the origin of music and its place in religion, etc.
The book is primarily an Urdu language book; however, there are over five hundred of couplets, mostly in Persian and Arabic languages. It is because, Maulana was born in a family where Arabic and Persian were used more frequently than Urdu. He was born in Mekkah, given formal education in Persian and Arabic languages but he was never taught Urdu.
It is often said that his book India wins Freedom is about his political life and Ghubar-e-Khatir deals with his social and spiritual life. Non-Cooperation Movement Upon his release, Azad returned to a political atmosphere charged with sentiments of outrage and rebellion against British rule.
The Indian public had been angered by the passage of the Rowlatt Acts inwhich severely restricted civil liberties and individual rights. Consequently, thousands of political activists had been arrested and many publications banned. The killing of unarmed civilians at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on 13 April had provoked intense outrage all over India, alienating most Indians, including long-time British supporters, from the authorities.
Gandhi organised the people of the region and pioneered the art of Satyagraha — combining mass civil disobedience with complete non-violence and self-reliance.
Taking charge of the Congress, Gandhi also reached out to support the Khilafat struggle, helping to bridge Hindu-Muslim political divides. Azad and the Ali brothers - Maulana Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali - warmly welcomed Congress support and began working together on a programme of non-co-operation by asking all Indians to boycott British-run schools, colleges, courts, public services, the civil service, police and military.
Non-violence and Hindu-Muslim unity were universally emphasised, while the boycott of foreign goods, especially clothes were organised. Although Azad and other leaders were soon arrested, the movement drew out millions of people in peaceful processions, strikes and protests.
Along with fellow Khilafat leaders Dr. The three men founded the Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi as an institution of higher education managed entirely by Indians without any British support or control.
Both Azad and Gandhi shared a deep passion for religion and Azad developed a close friendship with him. He began to spin his own clothes using khadi on the charkhaand began frequently living and participating in the ashrams organised by Gandhi.Türk Dünyası Birlik Platformu.
Dilde, fikirde, işte birlik! Facebook Twitter Instagram YouTube Rss Mail Linkedin. Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed better known as Maulana Azad was born on 11th November, , was a senior Political Leader and Indian Muslim Scholar, freedom fighter, and poetry.
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Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed better known as Maulana Azad was born on 11th November, , was a senior Political Leader and Indian Muslim Scholar, freedom fighter, and poetry. He was the first Minister of Education. Maulana Azad was one of the prominent Muslim leaders to support Hindu –Muslim unity and He opposing the partition of India on communal lines.
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