A description of the book the odyssey as an epic hero by homer

King of Ithaca—Odysseus displays the essential traits of an epic hero: He gains fame through his intellect and cunning, using both to help the Greek army destroy Troy.

A description of the book the odyssey as an epic hero by homer

Odysseus fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in Ithaca. Odysseus is the husband of Queen Penelope and the father of Prince Telemachus.

Though a strong and courageous warrior, he is most renowned for his cunning. He is a favorite of the goddess Athena, who often sends him divine aid, but a bitter enemy of Poseidon, who frustrates his journey at every turn. Read an in-depth analysis of Odysseus.

An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is about twenty at the beginning of the story. He is a natural obstacle to the suitors desperately courting his mother, but despite his courage and good heart, he initially lacks the poise and confidence to oppose them.

His maturation, especially during his trip to Pylos and Sparta in Books 3 and 4, provides a subplot to the epic. Athena often assists him. Read an in-depth analysis of Telemachus. Penelope spends her days in the palace pining for the husband who left for Troy twenty years earlier and never returned.

A description of the book the odyssey as an epic hero by homer

Homer portrays her as sometimes flighty and excitable but also clever and steadfastly true to her husband. Read an in-depth analysis of Penelope.

Athena assists Odysseus and Telemachus with divine powers throughout the epic, and she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus. She often appears in disguise as Mentor, an old friend of Odysseus.

SparkNotes: The Odyssey: Plot Overview

Read an in-depth analysis of Athena. He despises Odysseus for blinding his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and constantly hampers his journey home. Ironically, Poseidon is the patron of the seafaring Phaeacians, who ultimately help to return Odysseus to Ithaca.

He sometimes helps Odysseus or permits Athena to do the same. Antinous leads the campaign to have Telemachus killed. Unlike the other suitors, he is never portrayed sympathetically, and he is the first to die when Odysseus returns.

Amphinomus sometimes speaks up for Odysseus and Telemachus, but he is killed like the rest of the suitors in the final fight. Even though he does not know that the vagabond who appears at his hut is Odysseus, Eumaeus gives the man food and shelter.

Eurycleia is well informed about palace intrigues and serves as confidante to her masters. Like her brother, Melantho abuses the beggar in the palace, not knowing that the man is Odysseus.

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She is having an affair with Eurymachus. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go. Polyphemus imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape.

Tiresias meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld in Book He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades. Like Odysseus, Nestor is known as a clever speaker. He offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find Odysseus when Telemachus visits him in Book 4.

Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find his father. Agamemnon was murdered by his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus, upon his return from the war.

He was later avenged by his son Orestes.

SparkNotes: The Odyssey: Character List

Their story is constantly repeated in the Odyssey to offer an inverted image of the fortunes of Odysseus and Telemachus. Arete is intelligent and influential. Nausicaa tells Odysseus to make his appeal for assistance to Arete.Homer's Odyssey, book i.

A 15th-century manuscript of the Odyssey, of Odysseus' and Gilgamesh's journeys to the edges of the earth are the result of the influence of the Gilgamesh epic upon the Odyssey. The Ethnographic Imagination of Homer's Odyssey. New . For instance, it is from the description of the blind bard in The Odyssey that many historians have guessed that Homer was blind.

The Odyssey 's depiction of the bard as a minstrel in the service of local kings also gives some insight into the life of the poet practicing his craft. There are several Greek values shown in Homer's epic, The Odyssey.

Odyssey - Wikipedia First, it is useful to understand a few definitions relating to this question.

First is the custom of extending hospitality to a guest. This is a rule found in many ancient cultures (e.g., the Anglo Saxons, the Greeks, etc.) and passed down through the ages, and its importance is seen in literature, e.g., Beowulf, Macbeth. Odysseus, the Hero of Ithaca This translation to English by Samuel Butler () was first published in "Rendered into English prose for the use of those who cannot read the original" Partly a sequel to Iliad, Odyssey is the epic mythological journey of Odysseus (his Roman name is Ulysses).

"Odysseus the Cunning" is the son of Laertes and Anticlea. Jaime Chartier Odysseus: The Epic Hero In the book The Odyssey by Homer, the main character Odysseus angers the gods and is forced to travel around the entire Mediterranean Sea on his way home from the Trojan War%(3).

In the epic poem The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus is that epic hero. Odysseus faced many difficult situations as an epic hero, and made some bad decisions as an ordinary man, both which show his strengths and weaknesses.

SparkNotes: The Odyssey: Plot Overview